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Rostov's cathedral is in many ways reminiscent of the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. The 60-meter-high monumental edifice with a cross stands on the site of the old cathedral which had been built in the times of Andrei Bogoliubsky and collapsed during the fire in 1204. The fragments of the murals of the old cathedral and a handle of the wooden doors in the shape of a lion's head have been unearthed by archaeologists. Six massive pillars inside the cathedral hold the vault. The carved wooden iconostasis of the 18th century is of high artistic merit. The square in front of the cathedral used to be the town's center where veche (popular assembly in ancient Russia) was held, making decisions of war and peace.

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